Utopias consider a given situation in the light of possible alternatives; as a result, observed reality first is subjected to an explicit or implicit critique and secondly depicted as contingent and modifiable. Each respective reality is compared to an envisioned alternative viewed as being an improvement on the status quo. In this construction process of an alternate future, radical transformation potentials of a new media technology are derived from ideal cases and thereafter instantaneously carried over to a number of adjacent contexts. Thus, they are becoming isolated from their frame of reference and conventionalized into a universal alternative.

Dickel, S., & Schrape, J. F. (2017). The Logic of Digital Utopianism. NanoEthics, 11(1), 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11569-017-0285-6