The implications from these findings suggest that we should not expect large positive (or negative) impacts from ICT investments in schools or computers at home. Schools should not expect major improvements in grades, test scores and other measures of academic outcomes from investments in ICT or adopting CAI in classrooms, though there might be exceptions such as some CAI interventions in developing countries. Existing and proposed interventions to bridge the digital divide in the United States and other countries, such as large-scale voucher programs, tax breaks for educational purchases of computers, and one-to-one laptop programs with check-out privileges are unlikely to substantially reduce the achievement gap on their own.

george bulman & robert w. fairlie

Bulman, G., & Fairlie, R. W. (2016). Technology and education: computers, software, and the internet. Cambridge, Massachussets.