This paper analyses the associations between computer use in schools and at home and test scores by using TIMSS data covering over 900,000 children in fourth grade. When controlling for school fixed effects, pupils who use computers at school, especially those who use them frequently are found to achieve less than students who never use computers. Daily computer use at home is negatively associated with test scores, although monthly, and sometimes weekly, use is positively associated with pupil performance.

Linn Karlsson

Linn Karlsson (2022) Computers in education: the association between computer use and test scores in primary school, Education Inquiry, 13:1, 56-85, DOI: 10.1080/20004508.2020.1831288