Mobile technologies, by virtue of being highly portable and relatively inexpensive, have enormously expanded the potential and practicability of personalized learning.


Cumulatively, intelligent mobile devices, many of which are already in the pockets of millions of people, can give students greater flexibility to move at their own pace and follow their own interests, potentially increasing their motivation to pursue learning opportunities.


Negative social attitudes regarding the educational potentials of mobile technology constitute the most immediate barrier to the widespread embrace of mobile learning. Broadly speaking, people tend to view mobile devices (and mobile phones in particular) as portals to entertainment, not education, and as a result this technology is regularly dismissed as distracting or disruptive in school settings.

mark west & steven vosloo (editors)

West, M., & Vosloo, S. (2013). UNESCO Policy guidelines for mobile learning. UNESCO Working Paper Series on Mobile Learning. Retrieved from