More importantly still, the deeper issue of the actual feasibility of representing ‘real life’ problems in a survey format whilst retaining and not modifying the essential problem-setting characteristics of the real ‘real life’ situation is not queried at all. Posing and answering this question is, nonetheless, essential for evaluating to what extent the PISA studies are actually assessing items representative of their domain of inquiry – that is, the knowledge and skills needed in life.

nina bonderup dohn

Bonderup, N. D. (2007). Knowledge and skills for PISA – assessing the assessment. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 41(1).